HISTORIAN'S CORNER - January, 2005
BY: Matt Grogan
While writing the article about the Martin B-1 0 (Fall'04 MARS STAR), I becamecurious about the other Collier Trophy awards connected with Lockheed Martin.The Collier Trophy is a national award honoring those who have made significantachievements in the advancement of aviation since 1929. Lockheed Martin,it's legacy companies, and employees have received a total of eight Colliertrophies over the past 75 years, more than any other non-government entity.The President of the United States presents this award each year, and the525 lb trophy is on permanent display at the National Aeronautics and SpaceMuseum. The eight Lockheed Martin recipients are:
1932 - Glenn L. Martin, for development of an outstanding multi-engined,high-speed, weight-carrying airplane (B- 10).
1958 - USAF and industry team, for development of the F- 1 04--Clarence L.Johnson for design of the airframe; Neil Burgess and Gerhard Neumann of GeneralElectric Co. for development of the J79 engine; Maj. Howard C. Johnson, forworld land plane altitude record; Capt. Walter W. Irwin, USAF, for worldland plane speed record.
1963 - Clarence L. "Kelly" Johnson, for designing and directing the developmentof the A-1 1 Mach-3 aircraft.
1975 - David S. Lewis, General Dynamics Corp, and USAF F-16 team, for significantadvancements leading to innovative fighter aircraft effectiveness.
1981 - NASA, Rockwell International Corp, Martin Marietta Corp, Thiokol Corp,with special recognition to the crew of Columbia - Capt. Robert L. Crippen,USN, Col. Joe H. Engle, USAF, Capt. Richard H. Truly, USN, and John W. Young- for proving the concept of manned reusable spacecraft.
1984 - NASA and Martin Marietta Corp. with special recognition to astronautCapt. Bruce McCandless 11, USN, Charles E. Whitsett Jr. of NASA, and WalterW. Bollendonk of Martin Marietta Co., for development of the manned maneuveringunits and NASA team that rescued three disabled satellites.
1989 - Ben R. Rich and the Lockheed-USAF team, for production of the F-117A Stealth.,
1998 - U-2S/ER-2 aircraft and Lockheed Martin and its partners, General Electric,NASA, USAF Air Combat Command, and Defense Intelligence Agency.
The B-1 0 bomber was the first "modern" bomber acquired by the US Army AirCorps in 1932. TheF-104 aircraft, developed in the Lockheed Skunk Works,was the first aircraft to hold simultaneous official world records for speed,altitude and time-to-climb. The A-1 1 Mach 3 aircraft was the predecessorof the SR-71 Blackbird, the revolutionary high altitude reconnaissance aircraft.The F-16 aircraft first flew in December 1976 and was deployed in 1979. TheF-1 6's maneuverability and combat radius (distance it can fly to enter aircombat, stay, fight and return) exceed that of all potential threat fighteraircraft. Martin Marietta's participation in the 1981 award was for the ExternalTank part of the Space Shuttle System, partly developed in Denver and manufacturedin Michoud. The MMU (1984) was also developed in Denver under the leadershipof Bill Bollendonk (now retired), first tested by Bruce McCandless (now withLockheed Martin in Denver), and was used in the rescue of the three unmannedspacecraft noted in the citation whose rocket engines did not function inspace after being deployed by the Shuttle. The F-1 17 Stealth aircraft wasfirst used operationally by the USAF in Operation Just Cause, the invasionof Panama (December 19, 1989), and was also developed in the Lockheed SkunkWorks. The U-2S/ER-2, first flown in October 1994, is derived from the originalsmaller U-2 version that made its first flight in August 1955.
The above list represents impressive achievements and there is a technicaland human story behind each of the awards. I found a variety of web sitesfor each item mentioned above (using Google), but I'm sure there are someretirees out there who have first hand knowledge of these stories. Pleasecontact me if you would like to share this knowledge with your fellow retirees.I think we can also say that if the past is any guide, Lockheed Martin andits employees will be on the receiving end of more Collier Trophies in thefuture.